There are a few medical fields that the general public seems to misunderstand and perhaps one of them is podiatry. Podiatry is a branch of medicine which is concerned with the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of human foot diseases. It is also known as chiropody. A lot of people think that podiatrists are only capable of treating minor foot problems such as calluses or ingrown finger and toe nails. Some people believe that podiatrists are only for patients with diabetes. These people do not know that there are many different problems involving human foot that these professionals are capable of treating.
As a matter of fact, a podiatrist is a professional that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of any disease, acquired conditions or disorder of not only feet but also ankles and legs. Each day of our lives, we make use of our feet and without these vital parts, things can be a lot different. Therefore, kids, teenagers, adults and seniors must see a podiatrist on a regular basis for the benefit of their feet. The following are few of the feet problems that many people suffer from and are curable for podiatrists:
There are birth defects related to the feet of a human. One good example of it is clubfoot. This is considered as one of the severe kinds of congenital abnormality of a foot which has various causes. Positioning in the mother’s womb and having growth problems are two of its causes. There are some cases of clubfoot that need diagnosis at birth or even during ultrasound. The effects of this foot problem include abnormality in the positioning of feet, knees and ankles. Immediate treatment can help eliminate major pain in the foot later in the life of a child.
Developmental abnormalities are also a common problem in the feet. These abnormalities occur not at birth but later and typically during the first year of a child. They include toe walking, bow legs, pigeon toes and flat feet. Some of these disorders needs to be treated seriously through a series of tests, special selection of footwear, physical therapy and even a surgery.
Feet problems are also common amongst diabetic patients. These occur due to insufficient production of insulin by the body. Insulin is responsible for helping in the processing of sugar. As a result, high sugar levels become present in the body of a diabetic patient. Diabetic feet are typically characterized by sores on the feet that are proven hard to heal. These wounds may even require serious surgery and amputations in worst case scenarios. To avoid getting into this very challenging stage, diabetic patients must immediately see a podiatrist who can help them deal properly with the situation.
Feet and lower leg injuries are also a common type of foot problem amongst professional athletes. Athletes and other people with active lifestyles should regularly visit a foot problem professional. Podiatrists are the qualified professionals to perform surgical procedures and prescribe proper treatments such as orthotics including ankle braces and special insoles for footwear.
Another foot problem that can also ruin the life of a sufferer in a way is the toenail fungus. It is a commonly experienced nail infection. It is reported that millions of Americans are affected by this condition. It is characterized by the development of brittle, dry and thick nails that easily crumble and are stinky. The podiatrist determines the type of fungal infection in nails by examining a sample that is taken from the toenails of the patient.
Above are only few of the numerous feet problems that commonly occur in many patients across the globe. There is nothing to fear if a foot problem strikes you because a podiatrist will always be out there to aid you and give you proper treatment.